Items filtered by date: January 2024

Tuesday, 30 January 2024 00:00

Facts About Pronation of the Feet

Understanding the intricacies of pronation is essential for runners, as it significantly influences shock absorption and the efficiency of push-off during each stride. Pronation, which is simply the natural side-to-side movement of the foot, comes in three main types. Normal or neutral pronation, where the foot rolls naturally inward by approximately15 percent, ensures proper shock absorption and alignment of ankles and legs. Underpronation, or supination, occurs when the foot rolls outward. This is more common among people with higher arches and can lead to injuries like Achilles tendonitis and shin splints. Overpronation involves excessive inward or downward rolling of the foot and is often associated with flat feet. Determining your pronation type is helpful for selecting appropriate footwear, but more importantly, this knowledge can minimize the risk of injuries. A podiatrist can analyze your gait and determine which type of pronation you have, factors that can result in an injury-free and a more enjoyable running experience. For a full assessment, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Egg Harbor Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

Development of Foot Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are thickened skin areas caused by pressure, often occurring on the feet. They result from a natural skin defense mechanism called hyperkeratosis. Calluses are flat and spread out, while corns are thick, localized, and can have a conical shape. Corns may appear dry or translucent and are also known as helomas or clavi, while calluses are called tylomas. Common areas for corns to develop can include the sole of the foot, the outside of the pinky toe, and between the 4th and 5th toes. Corns between the toes are termed soft corns, while those in other locations are hard corns. Hyperkeratosis occurs when the skin thickens due to friction or pressure, often related to foot deformities, wearing tight shoes, or abnormal walking patterns. Risk factors include foot anatomy, gait issues, bunions, ill-fitting shoes, and certain occupations. If you have a corn or callus that becomes bothersome or shows signs of infection, it is suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can examine the area, provide treatment for relief, and help you find underlying causes for their development.

Corns can make walking very painful and should be treated immediately. If you have questions regarding your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists of Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? And How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns are thickened areas on the skin that can become painful. They are caused by excessive pressure and friction on the skin. Corns press into the deeper layers of the skin and are usually round in shape.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as:

  • Wearing properly fitting shoes that have been measured by a professional
  • Wearing shoes that are not sharply pointed or have high heels
  • Wearing only shoes that offer support

Treating Corns

Although most corns slowly disappear when the friction or pressure stops, this isn’t always the case. Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Egg Harbor Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Understanding Corns and Calluses
Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

Art of Shoe Sizing with the Brannock Device

In the realm of footwear, the quest for the perfect fit begins with precision in measurement, and the venerable Brannock device stands as an iconic ally in this pursuit. It has been known to accurately measure foot size, which is vital to buying shoes that fit correctly. Wearing shoes that are either too snug or excessively loose can result in discomfort as well as various foot issues. Prolonged use of ill-fitting shoes can contribute to the development of toe deformities, corns, and calluses. Plus, with age, your feet undergo slight alterations in both length and width. Therefore, it becomes necessary to regularly measure your feet, especially if your once-comfortable shoes are now causing foot problems. Developed in the early 20th century, the Brannock device provides a comprehensive assessment of your foot’s dimensions. Start by placing the heel snugly against the back of the device and spreading the toes naturally along its width. This is how accurate foot measurements are taken. If you are having trouble determining your shoe size, or are experiencing foot pain caused by your shoes, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. Seek the assistance of one of our podiatrists from Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctors will provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people who wear shoes that are the incorrect size, negatively affecting their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process, so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to choosing the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot.
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes.
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently.
  • Purchase shoes later in the day, as your feet swell as the day progresses.
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat them right. Picking the right pair of shoes can provide your feet comfort and mobility without pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Egg Harbor Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Saturday, 13 January 2024 00:00

Are You Suffering From Nerve Damage?

Neuropathy is a condition that can lead to numbness or loss of sensation in the feet, but it can also cause pain. This condition is more likely to develop for those who are diabetic, obese, or with high blood pressure.

Hammertoe, a podiatric condition characterized by an abnormal bending of the toes, primarily affects the second, third, or fourth toe joints, causing them to resemble a hammer. This deformity is often a result of an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that hold the toe straight. One common cause is wearing shoes that force the toes into a bent position, hindering the natural alignment. Individuals with a second toe longer than the big toe, flat feet, or a family history of hammertoe are more prone to developing this condition. Women, particularly those who frequently wear high heels or narrow shoes, face an increased risk. Additionally, individuals with arthritis or conditions causing muscle and ligament imbalances may find themselves susceptible to hammertoe. If you have developed hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer treatment options for this condition.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Egg Harbor Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 02 January 2024 00:00

Toddler Foot Pain

Toddler foot pain can be concerning for parents as little ones may not always be able to express what they are feeling accurately. It can stem from a range of issues, including minor injuries from falls or bumps, which are part of normal childhood activities. Overuse from running and jumping can also lead to pain, especially if toddlers are very active. However, there are also specific conditions to be aware of. Growing pains can be associated with Sever’s disease and are a frequent cause of discomfort in children, usually occurring at night or after a day filled with physical activity. Other potential causes include flat feet as well as in-toeing, where the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight. Wearing ill-fitting shoes can also cause pain or discomfort for toddlers, making proper shoe fitting important. Infections such as hand, foot, and mouth disease can cause painful sores on the feet. Additionally, serious conditions like juvenile arthritis, although rare, can result in foot pain. If your toddler is experiencing persistent foot pain that affects their ability to walk, is associated with swelling or redness, or is accompanied by a fever, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.


Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more


To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Egg Harbor Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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